From prehistoric times to the early 19th century, all civilizations, ancient or modern, have sought protection at one time or another. Struggling and seeking protection have always been two important aspects of human life. This has influenced architecture from the beginning. The construction of the hidden and the lines in the city defense walls means ancient and medieval architecture.
However, underground cities are one defined until recently. Revealing many secrets, some of these communities have long since disappeared, while others have become World War II.
Coober Pedy, Australia
Located 846 km north of Adelaide in South Australia, this beautiful inland city is still a favorite place for locals to escape the heat and dingoes of the Australian summer. Known as the Opal Capital of the World, Coober Pedy has excavated (2 and 3-room caves) places where people come and stay to enjoy the coolness of the ground. In addition, this town also has shops, pubs, churches, and cemeteries! Very happy!
The underground city of Naours in northern France is another labyrinth, including no less than 300 individual rooms. It originally used as a quarry, but due to obvious protection and housing problems, it soon became a hidden village. It dates back to the third century AD, with churches, wells, fortifications, and enough space for approximately 3,000 people.
In response to the Second World War, the British government sought refuge in an underground bunker code-named “Burlington”. That stretched 60 miles long. Built-in the 1950s in the village of Corsham. The secret underground city has offices, cafes, a call center, a clinic, bedrooms, and a BBC studio building.
All this designed to keep the Prime Minister and the rest of the 4,000 employees safe in any unforeseen situation. Although it never used like the others, it worked until 1991 and was finally de-encrypted in 2004.
Pilsen historical metro, Czech Republic
There is much more to discover in the city of Pilsen than the famous Pilsen beer. The Pilsen Historical Underground is a 12.5-mile network of passageways, cellars, and wells dating back to the 14th century. The underground city, a place to store food and beer throughout the prehistoric period, but there is some belief in the existence of treasures hidden in the walls of the cellars.
Like many other underground cities, it turned into a museum. The culture created to see many unique things, such as ice cubes and water towers.
Kish is a mysterious underground city that lies beneath the coast of Iran. It known as the underground city of Kish, but there is no such name. This underground city said to have been built 2,500 years ago with an area of six square miles that used for water management. Now Kish renovated and turned into a tourist destination that includes restaurants, shops, theaters, and shops.
Wieliczka Salt Mine (Poland)
The Wieliczka salt mine, as its name suggests, is one of the oldest and most important salt mines built in 2007. The Wieliczka salt mine run by Zupy Krakowskie as early as the XIII century year. century. The underground city well developed, with approximately 1 million visitors per year. It has twelve idols, and four churches, and it believed that there is an underground lake where a pious family lives on an island lying in the middle of the lake.
Setenil de las Bodegas, Spain
Unlike many towns on this list, Setenil de las Bodegas is still thriving and home to over 3,000 people. The houses built directly into the stone walls – not in the ground at all – in the hills of this Spanish town. Much of the city constructed outdoors and is still a beautiful place to visit for beautifully carved structures. The city served as a Moorish fortress and used by the Roman Empire.
Underground Great Wall, China
In the 1960s and 70s, Chairman Mao ordered the construction of thousands of underground shelters and shelters in China in response to the threat of global nuclear war. In Beijing alone, more than 10,000 housing units built to protect the city’s growing urban sprawl.
Due to its size and military purpose, the entire structure – which once covered more than 85 square kilometers or about 33 square miles – is sometimes called the Great Wall of the World. According to the money, the network includes schools, cinemas, barbershops, restaurants, shops, factories, ammunition arsenals, fortified bunkers, and much more…It has been on the ground for a long time.
Moose Jaw, Canada
The Moose Jaw Underground City is a network of tunnels and chambers beneath the city of Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan. The underground base built in the early 1900s to provide heating, and air conditioning. And other services in the city’s downtown area and a haven for criminals.
One of the primary uses of the underground city of Moose Jaw was for bootlegging during the 1920s. The tunnels provided a safe and secure way to transport alcohol from the United States to Canada. The city became known as a center for bootlegging and the tunnels played an important role in this illegal trade.
Located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, it is home to a network of underground tunnels that run beneath the city’s streets. This underground city known as PATH. These tunnels are also home to shops. Which helped make it the largest underground market in the Guinness Book of World Records.